Wednesday,4月15日,2015

研究生助学金的三个步骤

I was one of the panelists at a grant writing 车间去年秋天美国研究生协会会议上的研究生。 The panel was convened by Kritika Agarwaland included three panelists: 迈尔阿文,, Monica Martin埃兹and myself.

This post is a summary of the best tips provided during that meeting and will provide you with guidance and food for thought as you prepare your grant and fellowship applications.

Britney Spears - Taste The Victory

第1步:找出你要申请的地方。
为了解决这个问题,你首先需要确定你的需求。你需要一个 grant–这将为您提供资金进行研究或 fellowship–当你主要关注写作时,哪一个会支付你的薪水??

研究生可以用助学金支付各种费用,including visiting archives,支付研究参与者的费用,记录访谈,完成实地调查。团契,in contrast,主要是用来补贴你写论文的时间。在研究生院时不必自食其力,奖学金可以让你把所有的工作时间都集中在写论文上。

有大型的资助机构为研究生提供资金,包括国家人文基金会。the Ford Foundation,the National Science Foundation,and the Social Science Research Council.然而,there are also a plethora of smaller granting agencies that are specific to your field of study.

If you are at a PhD granting institution,在校园里很可能有一个办公室,你可以在那里获得资助。Many times,这个办公室将与你合作,列出你可以申请的助学金和奖学金的清单。Many universities also have online databases that you can search to look for funding opportunities.

克里蒂卡提出了一个非常实际的建议,让你看看你所在领域的人的简历,看看他们获得了哪些资助和奖学金。Maile suggested that you ask around in your program to find out what opportunities other students have sought out.

It is important to complete a comprehensive search as sometimes there are societies and archives that offer grants or fellowships you may have never heard of. For example,你知道吗 德国历史研究所offers fellowships in African American History?或者那个 美国欧莱雅offers fellowships for women in science??

Once you have your list of places to target,you can develop a timeline for applications based on their deadlines.你需要提前一年制定计划——在申请截止日期前一年。

第二步:准备提案
把你的建议当作一个论据,来解释为什么评审员应该推荐你的项目供资。Most well-formulated proposals will have the following six components:

1) An opening that draws attention.This often takes the form of an anecdote,a powerful statistic,or a compelling question.

2)对项目内容的简要说明。评审员应该在收到你的建议后30秒内准确地知道你的研究是什么。

3) A review of what we already know about the topic.你需要说明为什么你的研究是必要的。这需要证明你已经做过背景研究,并证明你的研究是如何新颖的。

4)对当前文献如何导致研究问题的解释。不要只说:“从来没有人检查过这个村子里波利尼西亚的分娩方式。”Instead,借鉴当前有关波利尼西亚和分娩实践的文献,说明当前文献如何引出您的研究问题。

5) A description of how you plan to answer your questions.既然你已经提出了研究问题,准确地解释你的方法是什么,以及为什么它是回答这些问题的最佳方法。

6) A timeline for completion.A successful grant proposal is compelling,creative,可行。你需要证明你已经考虑过整个项目,并且你有一个合理的完成时间表。评审人员很难相信你会在为期一周的住宿奖学金中写出论文的最后四章,bepaly安卓客户端例如。

竞争性应用程序清晰明了,没有行话。They also render it clear how the project is related to the goals and missions of the funding agency.They are convincing in terms of the need for this project as well as the feasibility of the project.They make a clear contribution to research.Finally,它们在页面布局方面很美观,margins,font,和标题。

如果你认识一个在你申请的比赛中获胜的人,你应该问他们你是否能读懂他们的建议。That will give you a good sense of what a successful application looks like.

Step 3: Prepare for Submission
你不应该在没有至少一个人检查的情况下提交你的建议。Ideally,你应该从几个人那里得到反馈。You can get feedback from your peers,从你的顾问那里,from the grant office on campus,来自你领域之外的朋友。

在你提交之前,查看您的申请,确保您完全按照说明操作。让一个对风格和语法很有眼光的人检查你的建议,确保没有任何文体、语法或排版错误。

Once you submit your proposal,congratulate yourself for having formulated a proposal and plan for your research.

写一份关于你的研究项目和前进计划的清晰而简明的陈述,将有助于你推动你的研究前进,不管你是否赢得比赛。In addition,您可以为其他补助金和奖学金申请重新调整该声明的用途。You also are likely to be able to revise that statement and put parts of it in your dissertation – particularly in the introduction.

It is always fantastic when you are awarded a grant or an application.But,it is also important to keep in mind that the only way to get a rejection is to put your work out there.Every rejection you get is a signal that you are stretching your boundaries.这也意味着你离实现目标只有一步之遥!!