Thursday,5月22日,2014

How to Publish an Article in an Academic Journal: Avoid Rookie Mistakes

如果你在读这个,我可能不需要告诉你发表学术文章以获得学术职位的重要性,或者,如果你有一个,保住任期或晋升Instead,我想给你一些提示,也许可以帮助你的研究发表。



我写这篇文章是因为我在过去的几个月里评论了大量的文章,并注意到这些文章中的许多都不应该被送审,因为它们缺少关键组件。

因此,这些文章的作者等了三个月才有人告诉他们,他们没有明确的论据,没有文献回顾,或者他们需要描述他们的人种学方法。有时他们等了这么久或更长的时间才听到其他相当一般的建议。

I am in the process of submitting an article to a journal.I am thus writing this post both to make sure that I practice what I preach,and to offer some examples from my own writing that might be useful as you prepare your own article.

问自己一些问题

首先,before you send an empirical social science article out for review,问问自己这些问题:

  1. 你的研究问题是什么??
  2. How is your research question related to the current literature??
  3. 你将如何使用你的数据来回答你的研究问题??

在你发条之前,make sure that a) you can answer these questions;and b) that anyone that reads your paper also can answer these questions.

今年上半年我已经复习了20篇论文和书籍。Many of the articles received rejections because the articles did not have all the necessary pieces or because the pieces did not have the necessary elements.因此,make sure that your paper has all of the following elements.

(这篇文章主要针对经验社会科学文章的作者,但请在评论中告诉我如何对其他字段进行调整。)

介绍

引言应包括你将参与的文献的简要摘要,a research question that derives from that literature,简单解释一下你将如何回答这个问题。

For example,I am writing an article that engages with two distinct bodies of literature: scholarship on race and incarceration and scholarship on immigrant incorporation.My introduction has one paragraph on each of those bodies of literature,接着是对研究问题和方法的陈述。

"This paper brings the literature on immigrant incorporation into conversation with the literature on mass incarceration through a consideration of these two research questions:
  1. How has mass deportation affected the incorporation trajectories of black male immigrants??
  2. What role does gendered structural racism play in blocking the mobility of black male immigrants??
我从对83名牙买加和多米尼加移民的采访中得出答案。”"

然后我用另外两段来定义我正在使用的概念术语,特别是”gendered structural racism.""

文献综述

我审阅的一些论文根本没有文献综述。另一些人则犯了一个新的错误,那就是作者在一篇连续的文献评论中,每段讨论一份奖学金,但却没有把作品放在彼此的对话中。The literature review must synthesize the literature and point directly to your research questions.

You can tell you are doing this if you have sentences that look like this:
"移民学者认为,有不同的途径成为社会的一部分,并将这一过程称为分段同化。这些社会学家认为,以青年身份入境的移民要么经历了融入主流社会的过程;2) selective acculturation;或3)向下同化(波特和周1993;周1997;Portes and Rumbaut 2001).""
如果每个段落都以以下开头,则不执行此操作:“Portes and Rumbaut (2001) argue….周(1997)认为……合成是关键。

My literature review begins with a section on the collateral consequences of mass incarceration,以语句结尾:
"随着学者们掌握了大规模监禁的附带后果,it is crucial to also pay attention to the collateral consequences of mass deportation.""
下一部分是关于刑事移民,我在哪里解释移民和刑事执法是如何合并的。这部分比较多 背景than literature review,我已经反复讨论了把它放在哪里。现在,它介于文献综述的第一个主要部分和最后一个部分之间,which is on deportation and immigrant incorporation.

The subsection on immigration incorporation begins with:
"然而,写过非洲裔美国人城市经历的学者往往强bepaly安卓客户端调大规模监禁的影响,那些关注黑人移民的人很少提及严厉的治安或大规模监禁。移民学者通常关注态度和身份,大众监禁的学者认为,不管你的态度如何,U.S.drug laws are so draconian that it becomes difficult for any black or Latino male youth to avoid the criminal justice system,尤其是如果他住在一个主要的非白人社区(Alexander 2011;西方2006)。This raises the question of how gendered structural racism affects the incorporation trajectories of black male immigrant youth.""
接下来是关于移民融合的主流文献的讨论——上文提到的分段同化讨论。

确保你的文献回顾直接指向你的研究问题。

论证

每一篇文章都需要争论。你可以在引言中陈述你的论点,在摘要中,和/或在文献综述中。You need an argument,然而,为了出版。这是我的:

"我认为导致他们被捕和监禁的一个主要因素是性别结构种族主义,而不是对立的态度。Neither ethnic cohesion nor Anglo-conformity protected these black male immigrants from being funneled into the criminal justice system.""
Note: If your paper is quantitative,you will need hypotheses.在我看来,定性论文不需要这些。

方法

我的文章是基于人种学和访谈,所以方法部分非常简单。I discuss how long the ethnographic research lasted (9 months);how many interviews (83);案例选择——为什么我采访了牙买加和多米尼加共和国的被驱逐者,为什么我的大多数受访者都是男性?

数据与分析

这是你论文的精华所在——你最初的贡献就在这里。这里的主要技巧是确保您部署数据来回答您的研究问题。

在我的论文中,我想告诉大家,黑人男性移民正走上主流同化道路,从事选择性文化适应,and who experienced downward assimilation all met a similar fate – they ended up arrested,监禁,驱逐出境。My objective is to show that their attitudes about school and their future goals were not the reason they were deported.Instead,they were deported because they live in heavily policed neighborhoods,were racially profiled,and faced a punitive legal and immigration system.因此,我将对数据和方法的讨论分为这三个部分。

许多定性论文未能分析其数据。你不仅需要告诉我们你从采访和人种学中学到了什么;you also need to analyze each piece of data you provide.告诉读者它是什么意思,为什么它很重要。

结论

到目前为止,我还没有因为没有一个好的结论而拒绝一篇文章——尽管我收到了一篇完全没有结论的文章。而且,看起来不太好。

无论如何,一个好的结论只能加强你的文章,使你的发现更有可能被理解和传播。

在我的结论中,我重申我的发现,提及任何可能的限制,探索未来研究方向。

以下是我对主要论点的重申:
"Some of these youth assimilated to the local subcultures in their neighborhoods.Others maintained strong ethnic ties.还有一些人对成为主流社会的一部分抱有很高的期望。这些路都没有,然而,could protect them from the consequences of heavy policing in their neighborhoods.""
我想我差不多准备好了。How about you??



8 comments:

  1. 我的研究是关于福克纳小说中的黑人人物押沙龙和声音和愤怒。

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  2. 在学术期刊上发表文章不像ABC那样容易。Article必须写得好而且独特。

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    1. Exactly.商业出版物或博客的法律文章如何??

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  3. Excellent.I bang on about these things to my students and it's great to see examples from a work-in-progress.感谢您的分享,and congratulations on monetising your expertise too.

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  4. By your account,20世纪一些才华横溢的人不可能发表任何一篇期刊文章。告诉我,米歇尔·福柯,Gilles Deleuze和许多其他人在写作中确实遵循了你的建议??

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    1. This post is about writing an empirical social science article.我不确定福柯或德勒兹是否曾经这样做过。我对写书或理论的建议是不同的。

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  5. 亲爱的丹妮娅,非常感谢你写了这么鼓舞人心和有用的作品。现在我正在攻读设计博士学位,发现自己身处一个非常孤独的地方。Reaching out for online help I've found this amazing text.My research is about the comprehensibility of the textile symbols of the clothing,巴西正在收集数据,my birth country.所以,I just wanted to tell you how helpful your job has been to me.Thanks again.

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