星期三,7月27日,二千零一十一

你理想的一天会是什么样子?Lessons from Barbara Sher

在生活中有很多方法可以得到你想要的。第一步,然而,就是知道你在生活中想要什么。这个,对许多人来说,is the hardest part.


Nearly three years ago,when I was on vacation in Portland,牙买加我读了芭芭拉·谢尔的一本书 维斯克拉夫特:如何得到你真正想要的 .

The book came highly recommended by the amazing 凯瑞·安·洛基摩尔and I found it carried many important life lessons.在 Wishcraft,芭芭拉·谢尔提供了一种策略,可以弄清楚你在生活中想要什么。这一策略的一部分就是想象你的完美一天。不是你完美的假期,但在你理想生活中,有规律的一天。Once you know what your perfect day would look like,它使你更容易想象你的完美生活。

被完美的一天的想法迷住了,而且,当然,完美的生活,I began to think about how a day in my ideal life would look.

我理想的日子

我的一天从黎明时分醒来,听到海浪拍打海岸的声音开始。我做的第一件事就是起来在海滩上散步。
又来了!!

步行后,我在海滩上做一些力量训练或瑜伽,然后去海里泡一泡。I go inside,洗澡,然后和我的丈夫和孩子们在俯瞰大海的露台上吃早餐。My breakfast includes a café latte,芒果冰沙,and yogurt with granola and strawberries.

My children walk off to school and my husband gets busy doing what he loves – practicing music or making jewelry.I sit out on my patio or at a huge window at my writing desk and bepaly安卓客户端write for two hours.After writing,I answer emails and update my blog.Then,我准备好吃午饭了。

我从家里走了几个街区去了一家不错的餐馆,在花园里吃了顿午餐,很有启发性。迷人的,smart friends.We enjoy a delicious,healthy meal and wonderful conversation.

午饭后,我走到校园,where I either prepare my class if it is a teaching day or do library research if it's a research day.当我讲课的时候,去一个满是订婚的房间,socially active students who are thrilled with learning and with ideas.我感到很满足地离开了校园,走到我孩子们的学校去接他们。

下午,我带孩子们去户外或文化活动。This might be theatre practice,骑马,nature hiking,或者在海滩上游泳。

我做了什么??

或者,这可能是我们一起去祖巴或舞蹈班的日子。家庭活动结束后,我们回家准备晚餐。The kids do their homework while Nando and I make dinner.

A couple of musician friends come over for dinner,我们在后甲板上享受。The food is delicious and the conversation is lively.饭后,我的丈夫,Nando我们的朋友会唱几首歌。我在后甲板的吊床上听着。

在孩子们上床睡觉前,我和他们一起读了一会儿书。我和南多在睡前在沙发上休息一会儿。我睡着了,轻松的,and sleep until I am ready to start a new day.

What will make you happy??

这个练习的下一步是找出在这个理想的日子里你想要过什么样的生活。而且,to figure out which things are necessary in order to be happy,and which are just frills.当我为自己考虑这个的时候,I have realized that I do not necessarily have to live on the beach,但确实需要定期接触大自然之美。我喜欢散步和户外活动,所以,在温暖的气候中生活对我来说是一种肯定的好处。我一天中另一个最重要的部分是有好朋友在身边。所以,I also want to live somewhere where I have access to a great community.

我从这个练习中得到的一个好处是我选择了正确的职业。作为一名大学教授,我可以灵活地在家里写作,and my afternoons engaging with the wider community.I am too social to want to be in the house writing all of the time,所以我很享受能够在公共场合教书和讲话。

How Does Your Ideal Day Look??

那你呢?你理想的一天会是什么样子?生活中最重要的事情是什么??

Here are the instructions from http://www.wishcraft.com/wishcraft_ch3.pdf

练习9:理想的一天
手里拿着笔和你需要的纸(或者如果你想大声做梦,可以带上录音机)。take a leisurely walk through a day that would be perfect if it represented your usual days—not a vacation day,不是妥协的一天,但你生命中最重要的东西,正如你所希望的那样。以现在时和细节来度过这一天,从早上起床到晚上睡觉。你醒来的第一件事是什么?你早餐吃什么?你是自己做的还是在床上拿给你的?用一个玫瑰和晨报?Do you take a long,热水澡?凉快的淋浴?你穿什么样的衣服?How do you spend the morning?the afternoon?每天的每个时候,are you indoors or outdoors,quiet or active,alone or with people??

As you go through the hours of your fantasy day,there are three helpful categories to keep in mind: what,where,谁呢?

What are you doing—what kind of work,什么样的游戏?想象一下你的全部能力。如果你想唱歌或航行,and you don't know how,in this fantasy you do know how.

在什么地方,space,situation?伦敦公寓,an Oregon farm,a fully equipped workshop,an elegant hotel room,一艘游艇??

你和谁一起工作?一起吃饭,laugh and talk with,睡觉?毫无疑问,你会想在你的幻想中写一些你最喜欢的真人;bepaly安卓客户端你可能还想包括一些你想被作家包围的人,bepaly安卓客户端音乐家,children,people your own age,不同年龄的人,athletes,法国人,financiers,简单的乡下人,celebrities.

那你呢?你如何设想你理想的一天?你离实现目标有多近?你今天能做的一件事是什么让你更接近你的理想生活??

星期二,7月19日,二千零一十一

要成为一名成功的学者,你必须有多聪明??

In Malcolm Gladwell's 离群值:成功的故事 ,他认为成功往往是努力工作的产物,combined with timing,luck,and ability.他还认为,成功不需要具备卓越的智力;you just need to be over a certain threshold.(This threshold theory of intelligence was proposed by Ellis Paul Torrance,学术界当然会考虑到一个需要一定智力门槛的领域。

I think the threshold theory of intelligence is interesting for two reasons.First,我们可以诚实地问你如何知道你是否超过了临界点。Secondly,一旦你超过了门槛,你不必担心自己有多聪明:你只需要努力工作,希望你的时机是对的。

凯瑟琳·玛丽·德鲁·贝克(1901-1957)

你够聪明吗??

A few weeks ago,, Jonathanmentioned the threshold theory on his blog.He 认为
如果你有一所名校的博士学位,if you've published an article or two,如果你一直在以一种对自己本质上满意的方式从事实际工作,然后你就超过了临界点。
我同意乔纳森的观点,但我怀疑他把吧台放得有点高。I think that anyone who is accepted into a graduate program at a school that consistently places students in tenure track positions and who is able to complete an M.A.thesis is likely over the threshold.我想把吧台放低一点,但会留在那里。

If that describes you,那么我们可以假定你足够聪明,能够成为一名成功的学者。你看,你不必担心自己是否是你的同龄人中最聪明的,或者是目前学术工作市场上的明星。你只需要跨过门槛,然后努力工作就可以取得成功。如果那不能描述你,then you might still be over the threshold,and just need to develop the skills to complete an M.A.论文。

A Meritocracy??

It is funny to listen to myself say that if you work hard you will be successful,因为我知道学院里没有精英阶层,或者其他任何地方。然而,我也知道许多学者对自己的能力充满怀疑,这些怀疑使他们无法成功。

成为一名成功的学者的一个方面是,它需要一定的技能。而且,these skills can be learned and honed.As Malcolm Gladwell and Jonathan Mayhew argue,you need to have a certain level of ability to become a successful academic.但是,他们可能都同意,there are many more people with this ability than those who actually become successful academics.

学习成功的技巧

专注于学习和教学技能以取得成功比试图找出世界上最聪明的人更民主。A focus on skills also will lead to more knowledge production.I am in favor of the production of knowledge and believe that our knowledge base will be substantially enhanced if we are able to draw from as wide a pool of knowledge-producers as possible.Malcolm Gladwell指出,如果允许两个联盟,加拿大的曲棍球球星数量可能是现在的两倍:一个是1月1日至6月30日之间出生的球员联盟,另一个是7月1日或之后出生的球员联盟。如果我们能早日说服更多的人相信学术上的成功不是基于高智商(一种固定的特质),学术界可能会有更多的杰出学者。但在学习和掌握一套技能(一个学习的特点)时。

除了在这个博客中描述这些技能之外,每年秋天我都在堪萨斯大学教写作和出版课。在那个班里,I do my best to teach second year M.A.学生成为成功学者所需的技能:时间管理,日常写作,planning,editing,批判性思维,以及分析能力。One semester is certainly not enough to teach all of the skills,but my intention is to create a situation where students to understand that the completion of an M.A.thesis is dependent upon learning a certain set of skills,不是要成为房间里最聪明的人。

如果你正在努力成为一名成功或更有成效的学者,I suggest that you think of those areas where you can improve your skill set.你需要什么技能才能成功?你怎么能学会它们?专注于提高你的技能,而不是提高你的智商,更有可能帮助你变得更加成功。

星期一,7月11日,二千零一十一

享受生活的同时写作:如何充分利用你的一天

This blog is about being productive and enjoying life at the same time.I know sometimes the blog posts sound like I am just writing about being productive.但是,my hope is that,通过实施你在这里读到的一些策略,you will have more time to enjoy the good things in life.

太平洋之晨

在这篇文章中,我将讨论如何安排你的一天来最大限度地提高工作效率,同时也为生活中其他重要的事情留出时间:你的健康,your family,锻炼,吃得好,etc...一个对我来说非常有效的策略是在相对较短的时间内工作,concentrated bursts,为了确保我早上第一件事就完成了我最重要的任务。

慢而稳:一天写两个小时

This summer,例如,my strategy has been to get in two to three hours of writing as early as possible in the morning,然后把剩下的时间投入到其他任务中去。I have had quite a bit of success with this.Using this slow and steady method of writing two to three hours this morning,in six weeks,我已经能够:


  1. 完成修订并重新提交
  2. 完成对一本短书手稿的修订(25,000字),并发送出去供审查。
  3. 对一篇文章作最后的润色,然后(几乎)把它发出去供审阅。
  4. Finish up a chapter for a textbook and send it out for review
  5. Analyze 4 of my 63 remaining interviews.


我的系统一直在工作。它让我在写作上取得了进步,同时也让我有时间享受我在欧洲的夏天,并在西班牙和法国的新研究项目上取得一些进展。我的大部分新研究都需要我走出家门,找出发生了什么事,so it has been most enjoyable.在夏天的这个时候,with just over a month left before classes start,I feel completely relaxed and as if I am making the most of my summer.

新形势=新战略

但是,一切都将改变,这意味着我需要实施一个新的战略。On July 14,我们的欧洲工作将结束。I will spend a few days in my hometown,华盛顿,DC,and then will go back to Kansas,我通常生活和工作的地方。For my last month of the summer in Kansas,I will need to switch gears and ensure I make progress on four fronts:


  1. Writing for my deportation project
  2. Analyzing my deportee interviews
  3. 准备我的任期档案
  4. 准备2011年秋季的教学大纲。


为了完成这些事情,I will use the same principle: Allocate tasks to different times of the day and leave plenty of time for breaks.这是我的新计划。

Each morning,早上8点到10点,我会去我家附近的一家咖啡店写90分钟到两个小时的遣返计划。bepaly安卓客户端Making progress on my writing is my most important priority,and it is the task that requires the highest level of concentration.所以,that goes first.

在我写完书喝了咖啡之后,我要回家和家人一起吃早饭。My children will not be in summer camp or any other organized activity.早餐后,I will help the kids get ready and take them to the public library with me.我会让孩子们在图书馆里进行各种活动,然后自己开始工作。

从上午11点到下午1点,我将分析至少一次被遣送出境的采访。I am hoping this part of the plan will work,as it could fall through if my kids don't want to go to the library or if they begin to argue amongst themselves in the library,making it difficult for me to do my work.但是,我知道,在检查面试记录时,我可能会被打断,然后毫无问题地找到我离开的地方。所以,我们将尝试这个策略。

图书馆之旅结束后,我们回家吃午饭放松一下。

From 2:30pm to 4:30pm,I will go up to my office and complete the tasks that require me to be in my office and connected to a good Internet connection.我会检查并回复邮件大约30分钟。请注意,这是我第一次查看电子邮件。(I hope I can do this!!)我将在剩下的90分钟内完成我的任期档案和/或准备我的教学大纲。

我下午5点到家,and can take the kids to the swimming pool or the park and spend the rest of the afternoon and evening with them.取决于天气,我也会想出一个方法在下午锻炼身体。如果外面不是100度,我要去散散步。如果太热,我可以走一小段路到附近的社区体育馆,然后坐上椭圆机。Alternatively,I can do my 20-minute Jillian Michaels"Making the Cut"视频。

这个计划背后的想法是有意识地把一天分成工作和放松的时间。我知道我不能连续工作六个小时,但如果我在早上8点到下午5点之间休息很长时间,我可以工作5到6个小时。I also know that this will be a lot less stressful than if I stayed in my office from 8am to 5pm.而且,信不信由你,我也知道这将同样(如果不是更)有成效。

So far,这只是一个计划,所以我会告诉你事情的进展。

告诫

我还将指出,这个计划对我有效,因为各种因素对我有利。1)我住在一个小镇上,因此从一个地方到另一个地方需要步行15分钟或开车5分钟。一个通勤时间长的人必须想出一个不同的计划,比如,找办法在不偏离办公室的情况下长时间休息,或者至少在家里工作一天。2)我丈夫今年夏天也会在家,这样他就可以在我带孩子去图书馆的时候做饭,或者在我和孩子们在游泳池的时候去杂货店购物。If you are a parent without childcare during the summer,你得更有创造力才能有时间写作。bepaly安卓客户端3)我的孩子10岁,10,7,因此相当独立。At these ages,我可以指望他们在公共图书馆里自娱一两个小时。When they were smaller,这个计划永远不会奏效。

你今年夏天过得怎么样?它对你有用吗?如果是这样,great!如果不是,how might you change your structure to be more productive and have a life too??

星期二,7月5日,二千零一十一

How to become a better,faster bepaly安卓客户端writer

如果你是个学者,你觉得你写得不好也不快,bepaly安卓客户端you are not alone.大多数学者都这样认为。但是,这个博客不是关于分享抱怨:它是关于提供解决方案。而且,写得不好或不快的问题有解决办法。 你可以变得更好,通过深度练习提bepaly安卓客户端高写作速度。

The idea of deep or deliberate practice has been around for a few decades.这个想法的支持者认为,千小时的刻意练习造就了专家。This does not mean just spending 10,000小时,or 2 hours a day for ten years,做点什么,但有目的地这么做,总是挑战你的极限。Scholars and popular bepaly安卓客户端writers such as Daniel Coyle ( 人才法则:伟大不是天生的。It's Grown.这是怎么回事。 ) and Malcolm Gladwell ( 离群值:成功的故事 )用这个想法来解释国际象棋奇才,奥运会游泳运动员,以及杰出的音乐家。对我们来说,好消息是,刻意的实践可以应用于各种各样的活动,包括写作。

Helene Kirsova,芭蕾舞演员,ca.1947年/摄影师不详

你可以变得更好,faster bepaly安卓客户端writer through deliberate practice.

除了坐下来写,你如何提高写作水平?bepaly安卓客户端bepaly安卓客户端write,and bepaly安卓客户端write some more?Proponents of deliberate practice offer some suggestions. Daniel Coyle,例如,offers this advice to become an expert,using the acronym REPS.

R代表到达/重复。
要素1:到达和重复。Does the practice have you operating on the edge of your ability,reaching and repeating?How many reaches are you making each minute?每小时??

E代表参与。
要素2:啮合。Is the practice immersive?它能引起你的注意吗?Does it use emotion to propel you toward a goal??

P代表目的性
要素3:目的性。任务是否直接连接到您想要建立的技能??

S代表坚强,直接的,即时反馈。
Element 4: Strong,直接的,即时反馈。换言之,the learner always knows how they're doing — where they're making mistakes,where they're doing well — because the practice is telling them in real time.他们不需要任何人解释他们需要做X或Y,因为它很清楚。

As bepaly安卓客户端writers,我们可以用这些建议来深入实践,在我们的写作中检验新的水域,充分参与我们的写作,有目的地写作,得到一致的反馈。我可以想象这些概念在写作方面被广泛使用,and will offer a few examples to show how we can use this idea.

深层练习要素1:伸展和重复。

Writing is the process of conveying ideas through words.一种方法reach,"然后,每天都用一个新词。Just before you begin to bepaly安卓客户端write,在你的领域里找一篇日记文章,找一个你不经常使用的词。Not a jargonistic word,但是一个有用的,像“complement"或““确证”。在一天的写作中,试着用这个词至少两次。

要素2:啮合。

当你写作的时候,bepaly安卓客户端concentrate on what you are doing.编辑时,想想你所写的每一句话在多大程度上对你的论点都是必要的。Be engaged and passionate,去掉多余的东西。

要素3:目的性。

目的性是将任务与目标联系起来。在这里,our goal is to become a better bepaly安卓客户端writer.读写得好的书和文章可以提高你的写作水平,but this method works best when you pay attention not only to the content but to the style.因此,当你为了提高写作能力而读书时,pay attention to how the authors you admire construct their sentences and choose their words.阅读的目的是成为一个更好的作家。bepaly安卓客户端

Element 4: Strong,直接的,即时反馈。

变得诚实,critical feedback is essential for becoming a better bepaly安卓客户端writer.Getting strong,直接的即时反馈并不意味着你单独写一篇文章,当你写完后把它发送到一个日志上,bepaly安卓客户端但在文章的每个阶段都会得到反馈。找一个值得信任的朋友来阅读早期草稿,and ask experts in your field to read later versions.尽早并经常得到反馈。

担心你永远不会成为一个好作家?bepaly安卓客户端Well,worry no more,10后,千小时的刻意练习,你将是最好的。而且,如果是10,000个小时听起来是很长的等待时间,不要担心。你可能已经练习了好几个小时了,and you will see immediate results once you begin to practice your writing on a daily basis.